Cajun and Zydeco Music in Southern Louisiana
The friendly, largely agricultural community of Eunice is Louisiana’s hub and incubator of Cajun and zydeco music.
Its infectious strains pour out of laid-back, top-notch venues around the region and at various festivals throughout the year.
Tracing the Roots
Cajun and zydeco music share some similarities, and both trace their lineage to this part of the world. Cajun music originated with the Acadian settlers who populated southwestern Louisiana during the late 18th century, and is almost always sung in French. Zydeco was originated by African-American sharecroppers, slaves and farmers of the area during the mid-19th century. Each form had considerable influence on the other, and some of the same instruments are used in both – especially the mainstay accordion – but Cajun music bears a closer resemblance to French and other European folk music, while zydeco is closer to blues, Afro-Caribbean music and R&B.
The accordion, a mainstay in Cajun and zydeco music
Feeling the Beat on Saturday Night
Saturday evening in Eunice means only one thing: the family-oriented variety show, Rendez-Vous Des Cajuns, best described as the Cajun version of the Grand Ole Opry. It’s broadcast live on local radio from the Liberty Center for the Performing Arts, a 1920s former vaudeville theater. Today’s Rendez-Vous features zydeco and Cajun bands, with locals dancing just beneath the stage and the host’s animated patter of jokes, recipes and storytelling in a mix of Cajun and English. After the show, head over to Nick’s on 2nd, a dapper, high-ceilinged 1930s downtown bar and grill, where live music continues and great Cajun fare is served.
Learning About the Heritage
One of the best places to learn about the music and the heritage of the Cajuns is the Prairie Acadian Cultural Center, which is part of the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve, in downtown Eunice. This impressive contemporary museum hosts Cajun and zydeco concerts in its theater, offers Cajun cooking demonstrations and has exhibits on local music, crafts and farming.
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
Exploring Beyond Eunice
Just outside Eunice at the Savoy Music Center, Saturday morning jam sessions have been drawing musicians well known and unknown for decades. The music store’s owner, Mark Savoy, handcrafts Cajun accordions, and every weekend he and his cronies show how they’re meant to be played. Not far away in tiny Mamou, a live music radio program on Saturday mornings packs them in at Fred’s Lounge. The place always fills up with patrons enjoying beer for breakfast and some of the best live foot-stomping Cajun music in Lousiana. In nearby Lafayette, thousands flock each October to Festivals Acadiens et Créoles, a music, food and craft festival.